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Yilmaz Guney (1937-1984)
Yilmaz Güney (name in native language)
 
Director
Cast, Co-producer, Editor, Producer, Scriptwriter
 
Country: Turkey
Born: 1 April 1937
Died: 9 September 1984
 
 
Social: Facebook Fan Page
 
 
   
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Bio
Yılmaz Guney was born in 1937 in the Yenice county of Adana. Yılmaz grew among the working class poor, which formed a strong background for his future works which generally focused on a realistic portrayal of down and out people in Turkey. Guney studied law and economics at the universities in Ankara and Istanbul, but by the age of 21 he found himself actively involved in film-making.  Mostly, state-sanctioned melodramas, war films and play adaptations had previously played in Turkish theaters, but these new filmmakers began to fill the screens with more artistic, personal and relevant pictures of Turkish/Kurdish life. Yılmaz Güney was one of the most popular names to emerge from the Young Turkish Cinema, a gruff-looking young actor who earned the moniker Cirkin Kral,(The Ugly King) or (pasha nashrin) in Kurdish. After working as an apprentice screenwriter for and assistant to Atıf Yılmaz, Guney soon began appearing in as many as 20 films a year and became Turkey"s one of the most popular actors. Although the early 1960s brought problems for freedom to Turkey, Guney was imprisoned in 1961 for 18 months for publishing a communist novel. Not content with his star status atop the Turkey"s film industry, Guney began directing his own pictures in 1965. By 1968 he had formed his own production company, Guney Filmcilik. After 1972, however, Guney would spend most of his life in prison. 
Released from prison in 1974 as part of a general amnesty, Güney was re-arrested that same year for shooting a judge Sefa Mutlu, the public prosecutor of Yumurtalık district in Adana Province, to death in a night club as a result of a drunken row and given a prison sentence of 19 years. During this stretch of incarceration, his most successful screenplays were Suru (The Herd, 1978) and Dusman (The Enemy, 1979), both directed by Zeki Okten. Dusman won an Honourable Mention at the 30th Berlin International Film Festival in 1980. After escaping from prison in 1981 and fleeing to France, Guney won the Palme d"Or at the 1982 Cannes Film Festival for his film Yol, whose director in the field was once again Serif Goren. It was not until 1983 that Guney resumed directing, telling a brutal tale of imprisoned children in his final film, Duvar (The Wall, 1983), made in France with the cooperation of the French government. Meanwhile, Turkey"s government revoked his citizenship and sentenced him to twenty-two extra years in jail.
Filmography
 
     
 
The Wall (1983)
Director
 
   
 
 
     
 
The Way (1982)
Director
 
   
 
 
     
 
The Herd (1979)
Scriptwriter
 
   
 
 
     
 
The Enemy (1979)
Director
 
   
 
 
 
     
 
Friend (1975)
Director
 
   
 
 
     
 
The Poor (1975)
Director
 
   
 
 
     
 
Hope (1970)
Director
 
   
 
 
 
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Yilmaz Guney Wikipedia
Yilmaz Guney (French)
 
 
 
 
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